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West Lothian

Disability History a Reflective Dateline

1948 International Congress on Mental Hygiene

took place in London to evaluate what had been learnt about mental health during the war.

1952 International Stoke Mandeville Games Founded

On 29 July 1948, the day of the Opening Ceremony of the London 1948 Olympic Games, Dr. Guttmann organised the first competition for wheelchair athletes which he named the Stoke Mandeville Games and involved 16 injured servicemen and...

1956 Polio immunisation begins

following trials in the U.S and Canada. By the end of the 1970's thanks to successful immunisation programmes in the UK, Polio was virtually eradicated.

1960 First Paralympic Games

took place in Rome featuring 400 athletes from 23 countries. Since then they have taken place every four years.

1960 First World Mental Health Year

took place designated by the World Federation for Mental Heath at its annual meeting in Copenhagen.

1968 International Symbol of Access

was created by Danish design student Susanne Koefoed and still used today to let people know there are accessible facilities in an area or building.

1978 First International
Mobility and Transport Conference

held in Cambridge, England called "Mobility for the Elderly and Handicapped". It considered the practical issues of service delivery, plus effects of mobility on lifestyles.

1981 International Year of Disabled Persons

In 1976, the General Assembly proclaimed 1981 as the International Year of Disabled Persons (IYDP) It called for a plan of action at the national, regional and international levels, with an emphasis on equalization of opportunities...

1981 Disabled Persons Act

passed which amends the Chronically Sick and Disabled persons Act 1970 and seeks to strengthen requirements for building access and design.

1995 World Summit for Social Development's Programme of Action

which recognised the pressing need for the full participation and equality of people living with disabilities.

1997 Universal Design Planning and Design for All

the Norwegian Council on Disability publishes a report on how building design and planning should not be about specialized provision for people with a disability but access for all should be the norm.

2000 Sydney Paralympics is Televised

"From day one, you felt there was something extraordinarily special in the air. It probably marked the time and place when Paralympians genuinely became part of the Olympic Movement."

2003 European Year of People with Disabilities

2007 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

where the UK is a signatory to this Convention which commits states to uphold human rights for disabled people.

2010 Equality Act Established

which updated existing acts and in the case of disability, employers and service providers came under a duty to make reasonable adjustments to their workplaces to overcome the barriers experienced by people with a disability.

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