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West Lothian

Disability History a Reflective Dateline

1948 International Congress on Mental Hygiene

took place in London to evaluate what had been learnt about mental health during the war.

1952 International Stoke Mandeville Games Founded

On 29 July 1948 the day of the Opening Ceremony of the London 1948 Olympic Games.

1956 Polio immunisation begins

following trials in the U.S and Canada. Thanks to the vaccine, by the 21st century polio cases were reduced by 99 percent worldwide.

1960 First Paralympic Games

took place in Rome featuring 400 athletes from 23 countries. Since then they have taken place every four years.

1960 First World Mental Health Year

took place designated by the World Federation for Mental Heath at its annual meeting in Copenhagen.

1968 International Symbol of Access

was created by Danish design student Susanne Koefoed and still used today to let people know there are accessible facilities in an area or building.

1978 First International
Mobility and Transport Conference

held in Cambridge, England called, "Mobility for the Elderly and Handicapped."

1981 International Year of Disabled Persons

The General Assembly proclaimed 1981 as the International Year of Disabled Persons (IYDP).

1981 Disabled Persons Act

passed which amends the Chronically Sick and Disabled persons Act 1970 and seeks to strengthen requirements for building access and design.

1995 World Summit for Social Development's Programme of Action

which recognised the pressing need for the full participation and equality of people with disabilities.

1997 Universal Design Planning and Design for All

the Norwegian Council on Disability publishes a report on how building design and planning can improve the conditions of disabled people.

2000 Sydney Paralympics is Televised

"From day one, you felt there was something extraordinarily special in the air. It probably marked the time and place when Paralympians genuinely became part of the Olympic Movement." British Gold Medallist Tanni Grey Thompson.

2003 European Year of People with Disabilities

"All for one and one for all." A European Year for Equal Rights for People with Disabilities.

2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

To promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities.

2010 Equality Act Established

which updated existing acts and in the case of disability, employers and service providers came under a duty to make reasonable adjustments to their workplaces to overcome the barriers experienced by people with a disability.

2013 Guide dogs  allowed at the Western Wall

Guide dogs began to be allowed at the Western Wall, due to a new ruling by Western Wall Rabbi Shmuel Rabinovitch.

2019 The Accessible  Canada Act became law

This was the first national Canadian legislation on accessibility to affect all government departments and federally regulated agencies.

2020 The Australian National  Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)

begins to fund costs associated with disability.

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